Many things exist on our Earth, which was formed billions and trillions of years ago. For instance, trees, rivers, mountains, plants, land, rock, birds, and animals are all examples of natural phenomena. All of this is a part of our environment. We come into contact with them daily. There are two categories of things in our environment: live things and non-living things. A living thing is anything that has life, while a non-living thing is anything that does not have life.
Living things and nonliving things are distinguished in a variety of ways. This distinguishing feature is not limited to activities such as walking, running, or eating but encompasses a wide range of possibilities. Many living things on the planet, as we all know, do not move, run, or eat. Plants, for example, cannot move.
Plants have a life even when they do not eat. Bacteria that can’t be seen with the unaided eye are thought to be the first form of life on the planet. So, how do we tell the difference between living and nonliving things? The distinction between living and non-living things is the focus of this article.
What are Living Things?
Organisms that are alive are referred to as living things. The tissues that make up these organisms are made up of microscopic units of a structure called cells. As a result, these concerns combine to create organs, and all of the organs work together as an integrated unit known as an organ system. As a result, all living things include humans, animals, birds, plants, insects, microbes, and more.
All of these living things share certain characteristics, such as the ability to move independently. Second, they continue to grow and develop through time. They also require nutrients and emit energy through respiration.
Characteristics of Living Things
Every live thing exhibits the features listed below. A living creature is defined by its qualities. These elements demonstrate that these things have life. All live organisms reproduce, grow, and die. Every living thing on Earth goes through a life cycle.
1. Cellular organization: As previously established, all living organisms must have a cellular structure. Living entities can be unicellular or multicellular, but they cannot exist without the existence of cells.
Moreover, numerous activities within the cell serve as operating systems for specific functions. Cellular respiration, for example, is the primary source of energy creation. It’s the process of taking in nutrients from meals and converting them to energy.
2. Respiration: The second basic process that ensures life’s continuation is respiration. Exchanging gases is the process of respiration. The purpose of breathing is to produce energy. This process also produces waste products in living creatures that must be removed from the body.
3. Growth: The life cycle of living organisms includes many stages of development. This is referred to as development. Every living thing develops. As a result, growth is a crucial property of living creatures.
4. Movement: Most living things can move. Animals can move independently. Leopards, cats, and dogs, for example, can run. Plants, for example, migrate towards the sun since it is necessary for their growth.
5. Stimulus response: All living organisms respond to stimuli in their environment. They have a high sensitivity to touch and react to their surroundings.
6. Excretion: Various chemical processes occurring in the bodies of living creatures produce an unusable bi-product. This is waste, which must be removed from the body. Excretion is the process of eliminating the waste produced by the body. Excretion is another feature that only living things have.
7. Reproduction: Only living entities have the potential to reproduce offspring that pass on their lineage. They carry a small amount of genetic material from their parents, as well as genetic variety owing to gene mixing. Reproduction is thus another significant feature of living beings.
What are Non-Living Things?
Non-living things are anything that isn’t alive. We must look at their definitions to grasp the difference between living and non-living objects. As a result, you can see that the absence of life is present in all non-living entities. In other terms, they lack any characteristics of life.
For example, these things lack growth, development, adaptation, reproduction, mobility, metabolism, and other functions. These things are also made up of non-living components. Iron, cotton, wool, leather, plastic, metals, and other non-living materials are examples.
Characteristics of Non-Living Things
The following are some of the features of non-living entities: